DESTINATION - Mizoram
The beautiful northeastern state of India, Mizoram, slices its borders with Myanmar, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Assam and Manipur. The word Mizo means highlander and Mizoram means “the land of mizos” , the hedonists, who are very particular about their ethics and deontology. The cities of Mizoram are cocooned by the mighty mystic mountains, rare flora and fauna and thick bamboo forests. On the contrary of these woods are the precipitous hills with lavish green fields. The meandering river with a graceful gait and shimmering waterfalls make up the exorbitant atmosphere of the state. The capital city Aizwal along with many others has potential of exciting tourism in Mizoram. The government has facilitate many travel packages and holiday tours to visit this hill terrain of North East India.
How to Reach Mizoram India
By Air: Aizwal is thoroughly connected by flights from major cities like Kolkata, Imphal and Guwahati.
By Rail: the closest railway stataion for Aizwal is Silchar in Assam. There are many trains from Guwahati also which take 19 hours to reach Aizwal.
By Road: Aizwal is accessible from Shillong and Guwahati by road. Aizwal is connected by buses and taxies with Silchar through NH 54.
Cities and Famous Destinations of Mizoram
Aizwal City: The capital of Mizoram, “The Home of the Highlanders”, is the hallmark of tribal culture. Endowed with immense natural beauty, it has the meandering Tlwang river, the exquisite landscape, and peaked hills of Durtlang assuming a natural boundary to the South of Aizwal. The city has prominence because of the Government Offices, State Assembly House and Civil Secretariat. The legendary folklores, the enchanting views make the city a place abuzz with activities and liveliness.
Mizoram is known for the jhum crops and people here for are renowned for the grand celebration of festivals and their unique Bamboo Dance. There are many tourists places for the visitors. A city tour will take your to the famous attractions of The State Museum at Babu Tlang, The Cultural Sub-Center, Zoological Garden, Bung Picnic Spot, MAHCO Showroom, Treasury Square, Vengthlang, Bethlehem, Bara Bazar, Luangmual Handicrafts Center. If you are looking for scenic outdoor charms then must visit the Durtlang Hills, Berawtlang Tourist Complex, Pukzing caves, Tamdil Lake and Rungdil Lake.
Lawngtlai City: This district, sharing its boundaries with Lunglei and Saiha Districts. The destination is an abode of minor ethnic tribal groups of Lai and Chakma. Endowed with tropical climate, the district is ideal for the wild flora and fauna. It is covered with tropical wet evergreen, mixed deciduous forest and wild banana forests. You will easily find skima wallichi, Banyan tree, Gulmohar tree, Gamari, Jarus, Champa and several kinds of bamboos, different species of climbers and numerous kinds of wild fruits.
Lunglei City: This tourist destination has abundant and exclusive flora and fauna along with beautiful atmosphere. The nearby picnic spots of Khawiva and district park at Zobawk attracts tourists in herds. The climatic conditions, the natural charm and the magnetic tranquil peace makes it an ideal hill station. The tropical forests of this region shelter tigers, wild boars, leopards, monkeys, barking deers, sambars and elephants, and many other migratory animals of the world. Some rare species of birds like the hombills, pen-pheasants, tragopans, flower-peckers, sun-birds and the thrush family are also found in the woods.
AizawlChampai City: This thronging commercial city has amazing view of Myanmar hills. The belief goes as the history of Mizoram starts and ends at Champai. The pleasant climate, picturesque charm, riotous rice fields and green hillocks attract many tourists. The major tourist attractions are Kungawrhi Puk (cave), Tiau Lui (River), Rih Dil (Lake), Lianchhiari Lunglen Tlang (Cliff), Thasiama Seno Neihna (Plateau), Manghaia Lung (Memorail Stone) and Fiara Tui. Do not miss out to check the famous Rohdil Lake close to the town.
Kolasib City: This small travel town is located on the way to Silchar and Aizwal. You will experience the extraordinary ways of lifestyle, traditions, legends and beliefs here. The simple people of the district are of Mongolian breed and are mainly into farming. The hot travel spots for tourists are the lavish orchids, the peaceful surroundings, Tlawng River. How about a fishing expedition in this river. Graet idea indeed ! he Bairabi Hydel Project, Regional Research Station of the Rubber Research Institute of India and an Industrial Estate function of the district is also worth visiting.
Tourist attractions in Mizoram
Mizoram toursim have lot of travel attractions and tourist places to visit that makes it an ideal place for your holiday vacations. This amazing land has much in store for you which you discover when you explore it by undertaking a Mizoram tourism. Some of the prime attractions are:
Phawngpui Hill View Attractions: This biggest mountains of the state is deemed as the home of God. It offers excellent view of azure Myanmar hills. It is rich in exotic fauna, many fragrant herbs and rare species of orchids and rhododendrons. Being situated on the bank of the river Kolodyne, it has breathtaking expanse.
Phulpui Grave: This grave has a love story of Tualvungi, a raging beauty of her time, and Zawlpala the Phulpui chief, that had a tragic climax.
Sibuta Lung - A Historic Stone Sculpture: Do not miss out to visit this historical stone depicting a fable of revenge and seizing of relationships to have an emotional experience.
Mangkhia Lung monument: It is located on the boundaries of India and Myanmar. The memorial stone of Mangkhia is absolutely wonderful monument.
Thangliana Lung Grave: It is a memorial stone of Captain T.H. Lewin, the first Englishman who visited Mizoram. This stone is ark of his popularity and affinity with the Mizos.
Chhingpuii Memorial: Built in the memory of a young woman called Chhingpuii who was exceedingly beautiful, it is situated between Baktawng and Chhingchhip villages. The stone memorial reminds one of the legendary love lores of Chhingpuii and Kaptluanga.
Suangpuilawn Inscriptions: The attractions of inscriptions on the stone slab here are obscure. It is maintained that these inscriptions are done by the ancient habitants of the area.
Budha's Image: There is an engraved image of Buddha with dancing lasses on each side. A Tour of this area in North East India is marked with Buddhist influence. According to one belief the frequent Buddhists from the hills did the Buddha engraving.
Pangzawl: This village has affiliation to the tragic folklore of Chawngungi, a very beautiful girl and much sought for girl. Sawngkhara won and married her. But the girl soon died and the lad remained mourning for his entire life.
Tomb of Vanhimailian: This memorial tomb is built in memory of Vanhimailian Sailo, a great chief who ruled over Champhai. Worth a Visit Site.
Tualchang: If you wish to see the biggest monolith of North East India then visit the largest rock near Tualchang village in the eastern part of Aizawl district.
Wildlife in Mizoram
The state is very rich in wildlife because of its salubrious environment. Many Parks and Sanctuaries here are a home to exorbitant beasts and birds, herbs and shrubs, plants and climbers. These wildlife are definitely not to be missed out on your Mizoram tourism.
Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary : Visit this famous wildlife tiger reserve, home of Tiger, Clouded leopard, Elephant, Guar, Barking deer, Sambar, Wild boar, Hoolock Gibbon, Rhesus macaque, Leaf monkey, Common langur, etc.There are many wildlife holiday packages that can be taken to explore this jungle reserve.
Khawnglung Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated near Aizwal, it has Wild boars, Sambar, Tiger, Hoolock Gibbon, Serrow, Barking deer and variety of birds.
Lengteng Wildlife Sanctuary: The major attractions of animals includes here are Tiger, Leopard, Sambar, Ghoral, Serrow, Hume's Bartailed Pheasant, Kaleej Pheasant, Barking deer, Wild boar, Hoolock gibbon, Rhesus and macaque.
Thorangtlang Wildlife Sanctuary: A tiger safari tour will take you to the close quater to this wildlife of this sancturary. It is a home to Tiger, Leopard, Hoolock gibbon, Leaf Monkey, Sambar, Barking Deer, and variety of Birds.
Phawngpui National Park: You will locate Ghoral, Serrow, Barking deer, Sambar, Leopard, Blyth's tragopan, Kaelej Pheasant, Hoolock Gibbon, Common Langur, Rhesus macaque, Stump tail macaque and variety of birds and orchids in this Park.
Dampa Sanctuary: The important animals found here are Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Bear, Deer, Sambar, Serow and wild Pig.
Murlen National Park: The park is a dwelling for Humes- bar- tailed pheasant, Tiger, Hoolock Gibbon, Serrow, Ghoral, Leopard, Himalayan black bear and variety of birds.
Lodaw Wildlife Sanctuary: Situated near Siaha this sanctuary also shelters the savage and docile alike.
Attractionsd of Flora and Fauna of Mizoram
The Flora of Mizoram
The Mizoram state tourism has maintained rich rich exotic flora and fauna. You can have a jungle tour of the densely thick bamboo forests, lavish orchids, and garden of rhododendron of arboretum and veitchianum species. It has more of Epiphytic orchids than the terrestrial orchids. The naturalists will, be just allured by seeing the rare species of flowers, herbs and climbers. The swaying rivers have tremendous potential for indulging in adventure sports. The placid lakes and brooks entices the eye glimpse.
The Fauna The Animal Attractions of Mizoram
The climate of the state makes it a perfect home for many wild and endangered species of animals like swamp deer, tiger, leopard, elephant and hoolock gibbon, sambar,, Ghoral, Hume’s Bartailed pheasant, serrow, Kaleej Pheasant, barking deer, wild boar, Rhesus macaque etc. . To explore the wildlife sanctuaries and National Parks this part of North East India there are many wildlife holiday packages and jeep safari trips to explore the great wildlife of Mizoram. The wildlife kingdom here has given refuge to the animals and birds who are on the verge of extinction.
Travel Adventure Tours of Mizoram
There are many options to enjoy adventure holiday tours promoted by Mizoram tourism. Either take speleology or take your backpack and get going to discover the unexplored terrains of the state... Challenge the robust mountains or feel the bliss by sitting idly beside the water bodies. Everything is just simply superb affair.
Caves Tour Of Mizoram
The Caves of Mizoram India are marvelous in terms of structure and moreover, each cave a legend associated with it. Some of the prominent caves are
Pukzing Tour Cave: It is the largest cave of the state situated at Pukzing village near Marpara in Aizwal. According to the legends the cave was carved out of the hills with the help of only a hair pin by a very strong man called Mualzavata.
Milu Puk Adventure Trip: In the language of Mizoram, 'puk' means a cave. This tumid cave, which now has many human skeletons, was discovered centuries back.
Kungawrhi Puk Cave Trip: This cave of Aizwal is located on a hill between Farkawn and Vaphai Villages. If we believe folklores then a beautiful young girl by the name of Kungawrhi was nobbled and held prisoned in the desolated cave by some evil spirits when she was on her way to her husband's village. She was later on rescued by her husband from the confinement of the spirits.
Lamsial Puk Cave Travel: This cave is an evidence of two adjoining village's battle. The corpses of the fighters are kept in the cave.
Lakes Of Mizoram
Palak LakeThe state has many lakes which add to the charm of the place. Some of the lakes are:
Palak Lake: Travel to this oval shaped lake is surrounded by the tropical evergreen and deciduous jungles having species of Dipterocarpus sp., Michelia sp., Schina Wallichin, Mesua ferrea, Chikrassia tabularies, cedrella tonna, Albizzia sp., Termemalia sp., Lagerstromia sp., Biscofia Javamica, Ficus sp., Artocarpus sp., Tetrameles nudiflore, bamboos, canes. This sole home of aquatic birds and wild ducks of varied species also has fish and crab. In the ambit of the forest bear, tiger, deer, wild pig and a many avifauna can be located.
Tamdil Lake Attractions: This lake is a hot travel destinations for tourists seeking solace. This lake, surrounded by the tropical evergreen forests, has species of Sehenia Wallichii, Chikrassia tabularis, Albizzia sp., Artocarpus sp., Merus sp., bamboos. It is rich in flora and fauna like fish, prawns with many untamed animals like bear, deer and wild pig in the surrounding forests. A folklore is linked up with this lake which holds that a big mustard plant was in the place where the present lake is situated. Whenever the plant was chopped, water came gushing from that place resulting in formation of lake.
Rungdil Lake Tour: The word literally means “Lake of Partridge” because the lake was once an abode of hordes of partridges. It comprises of two lakes which are akin to each other bifurcated by an expanse of land. One prevalent belief associated with this lake says that one half of pumpkin will afloat in water if someone cuts the pumpkin into two halves and throw one part in the lake. Like other lakes, this lake also have tourist attractions of rich in flora and fauna.
Rengdil Lake Travel: Holiday tour on this man made artificial lake unlike others which are natural lakes situated in Aizwal is just aweinspiring..
Mountaineering And Trekking Adventure Travel In Mizoram
Mizoram India is a formidable place for adventurer Tours. Its landscape, the mountains, the valleys, the gorges are best suited for adventure holiday expeditions. While trekking in the region you will encounter tribes and tribal culture and lifestyle, heavy forests, wild orchids, extraordinary flora and fauna, enchanting views. The rhapsodic exaltation which you will experience here is unparalleled. The places like Champai, Phawangpui (the Blue Mountain), Lunglei Town and Phawngpui National Park are attracts many adventure enthusiasts.
Culture of Mizoram
The state ha sits own unique cultural legacy. The warm people hereare particular about their customs and rituals. To know them thoroughly let us have a look at their lifestyle, arts, festivals and dances.
People and Life style of Mizoram
“Social, Affectionate and Amicable” this is what people of Mizoram are. Yes, they are a perfect host, very friendly and cordial who know no discrimination on the basis of gender. 'Tlawmngaihna' (to be hospitable kind, unselfish and helpful to others) is their code of conduct. The people of Mizoram India are called Mizo, a compound word formed by Mi (people) and Zo (hills) thereby called “People of Hills” with a unique racial and traditional identity. The Mizo culture has sustained with unfailing vigor despite of the external influences.
The society being patriarchal, the property is handed over to males and not women. The family property is given to the youngest son of the family giving a share to other sons according to the father's wish. In absence of sons, the property goes to the next relative on the male family side. The dowry, thuam, given to the daughter at the time of marriage is an exclusive property of the girl.
The 'Paithan' an old belief is still followed to term God. The Christian Church Organizations have so deeply affected the Mizos that their social cultural life has undergone a tremendous change. Most of the people are followers of Christianity. Moreover The Chinese, Burmese and Tibetan cultures also have an impact on the people of this region. There are many tribes residing in the state like Ralte, Paite, Dulien, Poi, Sukte, Pankhup, Jahao, Fanai (Molienpui), Molbem, Taute, Lakher, Dalang, Mar, Khuangli, Falam (Tashous), Leillul and Tangur. You will also find three main sub groups in Mizoram are Lushais, Pawis and Lakhers.
Dances of Mizoram
Dance are the integral part of Mizoram tourism. There are many dance festival tours that are celebrated throughout the year. Mizos are very fond of dancing and so every event, festival, ritual or ceremony is incomplete without dance. They have their own style of dancing. Some of the famous dance forms are:
Khuallam Dance: This “Dance of the Guests” is performed during a ceremony of 'Khuangchawi'. This dance is accompanied by a set of gongs known as Darbu minus any song.
Cheraw Dance: It is a very old traditional dance of some tribes of the state. It is the most vibrant and distinct dance form of the Mizos. People use long bamboo staff for this dance, thereby calling it 'Bamboo Dance'.
Sarlamkai/Solakia Dance: This impressive dance festival originated from the Pawi and Mara communities in the state. It is ceremonaiul dance of the tribes of the bygone days when they went on wars.
Chailam Dance: This famous dance is performed on the occasion of 'Chapchar Kut' (one of the most important festivals of the Mizos). In this dance, men and women both take part.
Chawnglaizawn Dance: A popular fold dance of one of the Mizo communities known as 'Pawi' is performed in big groups of boys and girls. Only drums are used as the musical instrument in this dance.
Chheihlam Dance: This dance personifies the euphoria of joy and ecstasy. It is performed as the accompaniment of a song called 'Chheih hla'.
Tlanglam Dance: These days this dance form is most preferred by different cultural troupes of various places. Males and females both take part in this dance.
Khal Lam Dance: This famous dance festival of Mizos is specific to boys who wear shawl while they perform and use drums and gongs.
Sawlakin Dance: Basically a Lakher dance, now modified, has been adopted by almost all Mizos. The gestures and movements of this dance are very beautiful.
Chhilam Dance: This elderly dance is performed in beer parties in a modified form.The men and women sitting in a circle beat the drum and sing anecdotes taking turns to dance in the centre of the circle.
Festivals of Mizoram
Kut Festival'Kut' means festival in Mizo. The festivals specific to Mizoram Tourism are a manifestation of the typical heritage during the farming season and cycle of sowing and harvesting. Since the main profession of Mizos is farming, the festivals also have affinity with farming activities. Among the most celebrated festivals of the state are:
Chapchar Kut festival: Celebrated in the first week of March, this Spring festival is the most important and so observed with great reverence and fervor along with music and traditional dances like Khuallam, Chheihlam, Chai and Sarlamkai. In February , when winter ends, the Mizos make the land suitable for plantations.
Mim Kut and Pawl Kut festivals: Celebrated in the last week of November or the first week of December , they celebrate the completion of the harvesting season. This grand celebration is all about merrymaking, feasting and gaiety. People perform traditional and folk dances, songs and games.
Thalfavang Kut festivals: In November, after the weeding of lands to prepare for ahead harvesting season, this festival is celebrated. One can witness the cultural heritage and traditional games during the festivities.
Christmas festivals: As the Mizos have adopted Christianity, Christmas is the important festival here. Celebrated on the 24th and 25th of each December, this festival includes great rapture among people.
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Art and Craft of Mizoram Handicrafts
The state tourism has a tradition of rich and exquisite art and craft productions. Among the most preferred ones are the handloom industry. You will see a Mizo lady doting her “Puan” dress which is very gaudy and vibrant. As the state has abundant bamboo forests, the people make articles of bamboo very adroitly.
More on Art and Craft of Mizoram
Cuisine of Mizoram
The people of the state relish non vegetarian savories like meat. The staple food of Mizos is Rice served withh pork meat. The cuisine of Mizoram has become an integral part of Mizoram tourism and travel in entire North East India due to its distict specialities from other as the Mizos do not use spices while cooking the dishes. Their food is simple made of lentils, bamboo shoots, pork, chicken and meat